Thyroid Eye Disease (TED or Graves Eye Disease)

Graves' eye disease, also known as thyroid eye disease, is an autoimmune condition in which immune cells attack the thyroid gland which responds by secreting an excess amount of thyroid hormone. As a result, the thyroid gland enlarges and excess hormones increase metabolism. The hypermetabolic state is characterized by fast pulse/heartbeat, palpitations, profuse sweating, high blood pressure, irritability, fatigue, weight loss, heat intolerance, and loss of hair and alterations in hair quality. When the immune system attacks the tissues around the eyes, it causes the eye muscles or fat to expand.

The eyes are particularly vulnerable to Graves' eye disease, because the autoimmune attack often targets the eye muscles and connective tissue within the eye socket. This likely occurs because these tissues contain proteins that appear similar to the immune system as those of the thyroid gland. Ocular symptoms can range from mild to severe; but only 10-20% of patients have sight threatening disease. Another tissue that can also be involved in the immune attack of Graves' eye disease is the skin of the shins.

In Graves’ eye disease the tissue around the eye is attacked, and the result is inflammation and swelling, causing:

  • Redness and pain
  • Puffiness around the eyes
  • Bulging of the eyes
  • Dry eye and irritation, occurring when the eyelids cannot close completely over bulging eyes

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  • Color Vision, Measures of sense datum, Cognitive Vision
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  • Neuro-Visual medical care, Binocular Vision & Vision medical care

Related Conference of Thyroid Eye Disease (TED or Graves Eye Disease)

March 08-09, 2021

6th Global Pediatric Ophthalmology Congress

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March 30-30, 2021

3rd International Conference on Eye and Vision

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2nd International Conference on Optometry

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2nd World Congress on Ophthalmology & Optometry

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21st Global Ophthalmologists Annual meeting

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20th Asia Pacific Ophthalmologists Annual Meeting

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31th International Congress on VisionScience and Eye

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35th European Ophthalmology Congress

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4th World Congress on Eye and Vision

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4th World Eye and Vision Congress

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Thyroid Eye Disease (TED or Graves Eye Disease) Conference Speakers

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